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Thanksgiving is a United States holiday that is celebrated nationally. It is celebrated usually on the fourth Thursday of November. Officially it was created as a harvest festival since 1789, with a proclamation by George Washington after a request by Congress.
Historically the event was called by Americans the "First Thanksgiving" and it was celebrated by the Pilgrims after their first harvest in the New World in October 1621. This feast lasted three days, and—as recounted by Edward Winslow - it was attended by 90 Native Americans and 53 Pilgrims. Later on the New England colonists were regularly celebrating "thanksgivings" days of prayer thanking God for blessings such as military victory or the end of a drought.
When Thomas Jefferson came to power in 1801 he decided not to give much attention to Thanksgiving holiday, and its celebration was irregular for almost 60 years, until the Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860. And then in 1863 Thanksgiving became a federal holiday. The time was during American Civil War, and Lincoln announced a National day of "Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens," to be celebrated on the last Thursday in November. But from 1942 and going forward, Thanksgiving has been proclaimed by Congress to be celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. Thanksgiving is regarded as being the beginning of the fall–winter holiday season, along with Christmas and the New Year, in American culture.